Volume 10 (2021-22)

Each volume of Journal of Digital Media Management  consists of four 100-page issues published in both print and online. Articles scheduled for Volume 10 are available to view on the 'Forthcoming content' page.

The Articles published in Volume 10 include:

Volume 10 Number 1

  • Editorial
    Simon Beckett, Publisher
  • Papers
    Automation and integration are the keys to successful digital asset management
    Paul Murphy, Digital Image Expert, UEFA

    This paper examines how digital asset management at UEFA has grown from a traditional library and archive system to an integral part of the organisation’s ecosystem. It describes the various challenges faced and discusses the lessons learned.
    Keywords: facial recognition, data model, data mapping, sport

  • Eighty years of literary audio archives at the Library of Congress: Preserving collections from the physical to digital
    Kristy Darby, Digital Collections Specialist, Library of Congress, et al.

    This paper reviews the 80-year history of two Library of Congress literary audio archives — the Archive of Recorded Poetry and Literature and the PALABRA Archive — and details the challenges and opportunities that the dawn of the digital era posed for such collections. Curators and archival professionals who had been accustomed to analogue collection frameworks and workflows began to develop strategies for digitisation and digital access, paving the way for the establishment of the Library’s Digital Content Management Section. This new section’s Digital Collections Management Compendium outlines the institution’s policy and guidance for its digital content managers. New complexities with handling digital files highlighted the need to develop innovative digital processing workflows, as well as the importance of documenting these workflows and techniques for future processing efforts. Continuous documentation and efforts to process digital files have led to increased confidence in utilising scripting for batch processing as well as an improved understanding of the requirements for making this content accessible. The collaboration between literary audio archives curators and digital content managers laid the foundation for similar digital preservation practices that the institution continues to build upon for other projects, and continues to ensure the successful transition of these historic literary collections into the digital era.
    Keywords: audio archives, literature, digital collections, workflows, digital preservation, collaboration, analogue to digital conversion

  • The Olympic World Feed Project: Searching, acquiring and preserving the international television signal of the Olympic Games from 1956 to 1988
    Yasmin Meichtry, Associate Director and Isabel Sánchez, Project Manager, Heritage — Images & Sounds at Olympic Foundation for Culture and Heritage

    This paper describes the project carried out by the Olympic Foundation for Culture and Heritage (OFCH) to locate, acquire and preserve all official televised coverage (ie the international television signal) of the Olympic Games broadcast between 1956 and 1988. After providing a general overview of the audiovisual archives of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), which are managed and overseen by the OFCH, and outlining the OFCH’s mission and challenges in this respect, the paper discusses how the television broadcasting of the Olympic Games has evolved and the impact of these developments on the race to repatriate and preserve this content. The paper goes on to discuss the Olympic World Feed Project, describing the planning that went into recovering more than 3,000 hours of content missing from the IOC’s archives, as well as the various steps involved and the numerous challenges faced along the way. In particular, the paper provides a case study of the acquisition of the international television signal produced during the XIV Olympic Winter Games — Sarajevo 1984.
    Keywords: international signal, Olympic Games, Olympic movement, digitisation, preservation, heritage, archives, Olympics

  • The Glastonbury New Bands Competition Collection at the British Library: Technical challenges of migrating an optical disc collection
    Tom Ruane, Preservation Audio Engineer & Trainer, British Library

    The Glastonbury Festival kindly donated the 2004–2009 entries for its Emerging Talent Competition to the British Library for long-term preservation. The collection comprises more than 4,000 optical disks, primarily Compact Disk-Recordable (CD-R), and was migrated to a stable file-based format in 2019, as part of the Library’s Unlocking Our Sound Heritage project. Migration presented many challenges — while large parts of the workflow could be automated, and the audio data extracted verifiably bit-perfect and faster than real time, the collection is populated by poor-quality CD-R stock with many examples written using low-quality domestic burners, making the process of data extraction significantly more complex. The Library not only had to develop a multi-stage workflow with sufficient capacity to process the large quantity of disks in an efficient manner, but the workflow also had to be easily adjustable to accommodate the 1:1 transfer of severely damaged or degraded disks. This paper outlines the step-by-step technical workflow and the hardware/software employed to extract this unique content for long-term preservation.
    Keywords: cultural heritage, audio-visual, archive, preservation, compact disk, workflow

  • Validating media quality in a largescale outsourced media migration project: The second layer
    Christoph Bauer, Senior Expert in Research and Development, Österreichischer Rundfunk and Jörg Houpert, Head of Technology, Cube-Tec International

    This paper describes the quality control (QC) processes for a large-scale digital migration project conducted by Österreichischer Rundfunk, the Austrian Broadcasting Corporation. It provides an overview of the initial requirements and the motivation for introducing an additional, independent QC layer, and describes the implementation process as well as the actual service itself. It draws on first-hand experience to provide a detailed introduction to the technology used for the task. The examples presented and the conclusions drawn provide the reader with the information they need for their own preservation and migration projects.
    Keywords: quality control (QC), video cassette migration, auto QC, MXF file inspection, trusted playback

  • Badge drops and points galore: Crowdsourcing metadata at a public library archive
    Heidi Morse, Library Technician — Archives, Ann Arbor District Library

    This paper discusses two strategies for crowdsourcing metadata at a public library archive: (1) leveraging social media networks to identify people and places in photographs; and (2) gamification techniques for large-scale metadata collection. A comparative approach leads to conclusions about best practices for different contexts and goals. Crowdsourcing initiatives encourage participants to build a relationship with an institution or repository. Smaller-scale crowdsourcing campaigns often succeed not just in collecting metadata, but in drawing in new users. Crowdsourcing via social media can boost community engagement, strengthen partnerships and raise awareness about collection highlights. Larger-scale metadata collection via gamification is more oriented towards individuals and existing users. Designed with user engagement in mind, crowdsourcing via online games can succeed in both digital outreach and metadata collection.
    Keywords: community engagement, crowdsourcing, digital collections, games, metadata, social media

  • The audible and the inaudible in a post-digitised world: Preserving both sound and object
    Lauren Walker, Head of Digital Projects, Harry Ransom Center, The University of Texas at Austin

    Analogue audio materials often exhibit indexical traces of recording, editing and playback that offer insight to society’s relationship with recorded sound as it has changed over time. The obsolescence of analogue audio media has rapidly ushered the experience of sound recordings into the digital environment. As archives race to digitise analogue media before the media degrade too far to allow playback, it is important to capture a holistic representation of sound recordings. This paper addresses the challenges to preserve and make accessible the physical and often inaudible content of analogue audio media. The paper outlines approaches to enrich preserved content of audio recordings, especially as data must stand in for a physical encounter with the media, and illustrates ways to enhance the access experience that encourage discovery and research of the creative practices of audio recording.
    Keywords: preservation, digitisation, sound archives, special collections, cultural heritage, sound studies

  • Discovering, describing and digitising CCTV: Challenges and attempts of making New York Chinatown’s community television archive accessible
    Klavier Jie Ying Wang, Moving Image Archiving and Preservation, New York University

    Archives created by and of ethnic minority groups play an important role in the preservation of cultural heritage. However, making such archival materials effectively and openly accessible is not straightforward, not least due to language barriers and the limitations of digitisation. Using the case of a Chinese American audiovisual collection housed at New York University, this article demonstrates the challenges associated with making a historically important archive more visible and accessible. As the article will show, digitisation does not necessarily lead to immediate accessibility. The article discusses ways to elevate archive visibility and accessibility, not simply through technical workflows but also outreach campaigning. Thoughts on granting more open access to ethnic minority archives are also included.
    Keywords: Chinese American, community media, Asian CineVision, CCTV, archival description, video digitisation, archival access